Voodoo is one of the oldest religions of West Africa, originating in the rainforests and savannahs of Benin, Togo, and eastern Ghana. Maplandia.com is not sponsored by or affiliated with Google. By the 1400s they had created a wealthy kingdom with a powerful ruler, known as the Oba. But many of the sensationalist accounts of the sacrifices, says historian J.D. The reservation system is secure and your personal information and credit card is encrypted. The first European travelers to reach Benin were Portuguese explorers under João Afonso de Aveiro in about 1485. The Guinness Book of Records (1974 edition) described the walls of Benin City and its surrounding kingdom as the world’s largest earthworks carried out prior to the mechanical era. Excavations also uncovered a rural network of earthen walls 6,000 to 13,000 km (4,000 to 8,000 mi) long that would have taken an estimated 150 million man-hours to build and must have taken hundreds of years to build. Connah estimated that its construction if spread out over five dry seasons, would have required a workforce of 1,000 laborers working ten hours a day seven days a week. Learn more about the history, geography, and culture of Benin in this article. Smith, Warfare & diplomacy pp. They wove cotton fabrics with stripes of color. It is not to be confused with the former Republic of Dahomey now known as Benin as on the map. Efforts were made to reorganize a local guild of blacksmiths in the 18th century to manufacture light firearms, but dependence on imports was still heavy. Ewuare II, the present king, is one of the most prominent of the various traditional rulers of Nigeria. Welcome to the Benin-City google satellite map! Benin began to decline after 1700. The Origin and Settling Down of the Edo", "Conservation Management of the Benin Earthworks of Southern Nigeria: A critical review of past and present action plans", "Two thousand years of West African history", http://www.beninmoatfoundation.org/clarioncall.html, "Story of cities #5: Benin City, the mighty medieval capital now lost without trace", "A homoarchic alternative to the homoarchic state: Benin Kingdom of the 13th–19th centuries", "The Benin Kingdom (13th – 19th centuries) as a megacommunity", The Story of Africa: Ife and Benin — BBC World Service, The origin of Edos/Binis {source Edoworld}, THE MILITARY SYSTEM OF BENIN KINGDOM, c. 1440–1897, Kingdom of Benin Blogs: Fiction, Myths and Lies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kingdom_of_Benin&oldid=998146639, Historic buildings and structures in Nigeria, States and territories established in 1180, States and territories disestablished in 1897, Articles lacking in-text citations from November 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox family with unknown parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Thanks to the many inland and riverside tourism option available to visitors. Airports nearest to Benin-City are sorted by the distance to the airport from the city centre. Their ruler was called Ogiso (Ruler of the sky). [36], Military operations relied on a well trained disciplined force. Booking.com, being established in 1996, is longtime Europe’s leader in online hotel reservations. This mission was the first official visit after Burton's. It never occurred to them that the Africans might have been using a form of mathematics that they hadn’t even discovered yet. The little Eweka played with the seeds with his peers at Useh near egor, his mother's hometown. Progress was made finally in 1892 during the visit of Vice-Consul Henry Galway. The original people and founders of the Benin Kingdom, the Edo people, were initially ruled by the Ogiso (Kings of the Sky) who called their land Igodomigodo. Fred Pearce wrote in New Scientist: They extend for some 16,000 km in all, in a mosaic of more than 500 interconnected settlement boundaries. "Whydah Xavier/Savi. The territory was coveted by an influential group of investors for its rich natural resources such as palm-oil, rubber and ivory. You always get the lowest price. The booking process is secured and is made as simple as possible. You may also enter an additional message that will be also included in the e-mail. The Oba title was created by Oba Oranmiyan, the first Oba of Benin Empire who is also a grand son of Oduduwa, the first Oni of Ile-Ife. Ben-Amos, Paula Girshick (1999). Link to it or recommend it! Benin kingdom/Edo State has become a year-round tourist attraction. [22], Sacrifices of a man, a woman, a goat, a cow and a ram were also made to a god quite literally called "the king of death." Oduduwa, who could not return due to his advanced age, granted them Oranmiyan, his grandson, to rule over them. The Benin Kingdom was "one of the oldest and most highly developed states in the coastal hinterland of West Africa". One of those unique things was their art. Benin’s tropical climate leads it to highly depend on agriculture. 13th–19th century). Beneath him were subordinate generalissimos, the Ezomo, the Iyase, and others who supervised a Metropolitan Regiment based in the capital, and a Royal Regiment made up of hand-picked warriors that also served as bodyguards. Pereira's account of the walls is as follows: This city is about a league long from gate to gate; it has no wall but is surrounded by a large moat, very wide and deep, which suffices for its defence. The pre-colonial Benin Kingdom or Empire was located in what is today southern Nigeria. We search through offers of more than 600 airlines and travel agents. Benin is a West African country officially known as the Republic of Benin. The Kingdom of Ife, located in today’s Nigeria like t… Kingdom of Benin is located in present day South West Nigeria. Ewuare also added great thoroughfares and erected nine fortified gateways. Luxury hotels (including 5 star hotels and 4 star hotels) and cheap Benin-City hotels (with best discount rates and up-to-date hotel deals) are both available in separate lists. Choose Benin-City car hire supplier according to your preferences. Always bear in mind that with Maplandia.com and Booking.com the best price is guaranteed! The region of southern West Africa was introduced to (or developed itself) iron-working technology from at least the 9th century CE. [34] In his description, Nyendael states the following about the character of the Benin people: The inhabitants of the Benin are in general a kind and polite people, of whom one with kindness might get everything he desires. Indiana University Press, 1999. It was formed around the 11th century AD",[2] and lasted until it was annexed by the British Empire in 1897. What remains of the wall itself continues to be torn down for real estate developments. British Museum Press. The word Voodoo, variously known as Vodou, Vodun, and Vodoun, originated among the Fon people of Benin. Compare Benin-City car rental offers by various suppliers. Wir verwenden Cookies und ähnliche Tools, um Ihr Einkaufserlebnis zu verbessern, um unsere Dienste anzubieten, um zu verstehen, wie die Kunden unsere Dienste nutzen, damit wir Verbesserungen vornehmen können, und um Werbung anzuzeigen. The Portuguese who arrived in an expedition led by Joao Afonso de Aveiro in 1485 would refer to it as Benin and the centre would become known as Benin City.[18]. While playing with the seeds, he announced "Owomika" as his royal name. No users is registered to this place. He says that all of the evidence "points to a limited, ritual custom of human sacrifice." [32] The work states the following about the royal palace: The king's court is square and located on the right-hand side of the city, as one enters it through the gate of Gotton. It was formed around the 11th century AD", and lasted until it was annexed by the British Empire in 1897. The first English expedition to Benin was in 1553, and significant trading developed between England and Benin based on the export of ivory, palm oil, pepper, and later slaves. [37] At the head of the host stood the Oba of Benin. Estimates for the initial construction of the walls range from the first millennium to the mid-fifteenth century. Appendices to the Minutes of Evidence, Appendix 21, House of Commons, The United Kingdom Parliament, March 2000. We have put together also a carefully selected list of recommended hotels in Benin-City, only hotels with the highest level of guest satisfaction are included. You can add the first. [17], In 1440, Oba Ewuare, also known as Ewuare the Great, came to power and expanded the borders of the former city-state. Benin art is the art from the Kingdom of Benin or Edo Empire (1440–1897), a pre-colonial African state located in what is now known as the South-South region of Nigeria.Primarily made of cast bronze and carved ivory, Benin art was produced mainly for the court of the Oba of Benin - a divine ruler for whom the craftsmen produced a range of ceremonially significant objects. Logistics were organized to support missions from the usual porter forces, water transport via canoe, and requisitioning from localities the army passed through. Before the coming of the gun, guilds of blacksmiths were charged with war production—particularly swords and iron spearheads. More than one hundred major festivals are celebrated in the state between January and December every year. If the eldest son failed to complete these tasks, the eldest son might be disqualified from becoming king. 17 Nov 1896. The Oba was also credited with having magical powers.[26]. (It is entirely separate from the Republic of Benin, which was then known as Dahomey.) With new GoogLe Earth plugin you can enjoy the interactive Benin-City 3D map within your web browser. [10], The archaeologist Graham Connah suggests that Pereira was mistaken with his description by saying that there was no wall. At the end of the 19th century, the Kingdom of Benin had managed to retain its independence and the Oba exercised a monopoly over trade which the British found irksome. You can easily choose your hotel by location. The monarchy continues to exist today as one of the traditional states of contemporary Nigeria. Benin was a French colony from the late 19th century until 1960. The most well-known artifact is based on Queen Idia, now best known as the FESTAC Mask after its use in 1977 in the logo of the Nigeria-financed and hosted Second Festival of Black & African Arts and Culture (FESTAC 77). In all, they are four times longer than the Great Wall of China, and consumed a hundred times more material than the Great Pyramid of Cheops. Benin is one of nearly 200 countries illustrated on our Blue Ocean Laminated Map of the World. Maplandia.com in partnership with Booking.com offers highly competitive rates for all types of hotels in Benin-City, from affordable family hotels to the most luxurious ones. [25], After the son was installed as king, his mother - after having been invested with the title of Iyoba - was transferred to a palace just outside Benin City, in a place called Uselu. It is not to be confused with Benin, the modern-day nation-state. European traders in Benin to Major Copland Crawford. They traded with the Frendh, the Dutch, and the Portuguese. Art, Innovation, and Politics in Eighteenth-Century Benin. After the Kingdom of Benin began trading with Europeans at the end of the 15th century CE, the quantity of bronze castings and thickness of casting had greatly increased; before trade with Europeans, the blades were incredibly thin and only wealthy elites could afford work with these metals that were regarded as precious. No added fees. Another Dutch traveler, David van Nyendael, visited Benin in 1699 and also wrote an account of the kingdom. Thus, he gave rise to the tradition of the subsequent Obas of Benin spending seven days and nights at Usama before proceeding to announce their royal names at Useh. [37], Benin's tactics were well organized, with preliminary plans weighed by the Oba and his sub-commanders. Oranmiyan went on to serve as the founder of the Oyo Empire, where he ruled as the first Alaafin of Oyo. Ivory mask representing Queen Idia, Iyoba of Benin City (16th Century) Today, I would like to tell you about Benin City, the great city at the heart of the Benin Kingdom.. [14] They cover 2,510 sq. Benin, a narrow, key-shaped, north-south strip of land in West Africa, lies between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer.Benin's latitude ranges from 6°30′ N to 12°30′ N and its longitude from 1° E to 3°40′ E. Benin is bounded by Togo to the west, Burkina Faso and Niger to the north, Nigeria to the east, and the Bight of Benin to the south. Barring a successful assault, most sieges were resolved by a strategy of attrition, slowly cutting off and starving out the enemy fortification until it capitulated. It was tucked into the forest region of Africa. The rainforest, which Benin City is situated in, helped in the development of the city because of its vast resources — fish from rivers and creeks, animals to hunt, leaves for roofing, plants for medicine, ivory for carving and trading, and wood for boat building — that could be exploited. Peoples of the rain- and dry forest belt which runs across the southern part of West Africa made clearings for their villages and successfully grew crops such as yams, bananas, and oil palm kernels. You can be the first. Movement of troops via canoes was critically important in the lagoons, creeks and rivers of the Niger Delta, a key area of Benin's domination. It was the kingdom of the Fon people, one of the groups which formed the modern Benin state. By the seventeenth century, the kingdom fell into decline following constant civil wars and disputes over the kingship. Get more out of Benin-City map Add placemark to Benin-City. This map shows a combination of political and physical features. Most of the buildings within this court are covered with palm leaves, instead of with square planks, and every roof is adorned with a small spired tower, on which casted copper birds are standing, being very artfully sculpted and lifelike with their wings spread. (in French) Abomey Historical Museum History and kings of the Danhomè (Dahomey) kingdom. Akenzua, Edun (2000). You can be the first. Benin. However, these efforts did not yield any results. A Brief History The kingdom of Benin was established in 40BC and was at its height and glory between the 14th and the 16th centuries. The rulers in Bini kingdom during the first dynasty were called “Ogiso”. The Oba was shrouded in mystery; he only left his palace on ceremonial occasions. It is about the same size as the city of Haarlem and entirely surrounded by a special wall, comparable to the one which encircles the town. 5. in Woking, Surrey County, South East, England, United Kingdom, in Saskatoon, Division No. [42] Although some suggest that humanitarian motivations were driving Britain's actions,[43] letters written between administrators suggest that economic motivations were predominant. No placemark has been added to this place yet. No users is registered to this place. By the 15th century, Benin had expanded into a thriving city-state. According to history, the Edo people of southern Nigeria founded Benin. A series of walls marked the incremental growth of the sacred city from 850 AD until its decline in the 16th century. Moreover, it would also set in motion the events to come that would lead to Oba Ovonramwen's demise. Benin borders Nigeria to the east, Burkina Faso and Niger to the north, and Togo to the west. 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